There are so many historic and pleasing places in India where you can visit. Seeing such manifesting places you all will surely think that why you not visited earlier there?
Today in this blog I will tell you about the historical state i.e Rajasthan. Rajasthan is a richly diverse state which is full of culture, history, historical places, fort, etc. One such city is Jaipur which is known as the pink city. Jaipur is mainly famous for its culture, beauty of historical places among tourists. Every year Indian, as well as foreign tourists, come here to see the beauty of Jaipur. Though there are many places to see in Jaipur. In this article, I will tell you all about the famous Hawa Mahal in detail. I will tell you about it’s history, where it is situated, why it was built and who built it, and how to reach there.
My visit to Hawa Mahal
When I was studying in Kota then due to some illness reason I was going to my hometown Haryana. I reached Jaipur around 9:00 A.M from Kota. The bus from Jaipur to Jhajjar was at around 1:00 pm so I thought why not to see the beautiful places of Jaipur till the timing of my bus. Sindhi Camp which is the largest bus stand in Jaipur, instead of going there, I landed at Narayana circle. Whenever we people hear the name Jaipur then surely Hawa Mahal is the first thing that comes in our mind. The same happens to me. So, I decided to explore the Hawa Mahal until my bus came. I did not know how far Hawa Mahal is, I just sit in the auto and went. The auto person asked me for 100 Rs but anyhow I managed to convince him for 80 Rs. He was a very nice guy. When I told him that I had to see Hawa Mahal. Then he started telling himself about Jaipur ,it’s history,fort and palaces. He told me the entire history of the Hawa Mahal. Finally, my destination came and I was in front of that Mahal.
History of Hawa Mahal
It is situated at the main intersection of Badi chopat which is the famous market in Jaipur near the city palace. It is in the south of Jaipur. Really this Hawa Mahal is a huge beautiful Mahal. Hawa Mahal was built for the ladies of Mahal so that they can see the festivals, hustle, and bustle on the streets from the windows (jharokha) of the Mahal. As due to ‘Purdha’ they were not allowed to go outside the mahal. It was built so that the women can enjoy the outer environment, scenic beauty from the Hawa Mahal itself. The main aim to build these jalis or sharks is so that the Parda Partha ritual can be followed and cold air can come inside the Mahal through these jalis.
It was built in 1799 by Raja Sawai Partap Singh, the grandson of Raja swai Singh. It was designed by Lal Chand Ustad who designed this Mahal like God Krishna crown. From the outside, it looks like reverse beehives. Hawa Mahal is a five storyed pyramid-shaped Mahal in which a total of 953 windows are present. These windows are known as “jharokhas”. The interesting fact about the this mahal is that it doesn’t have any front entrance.
As the name depicts the Hawa Mahal which is known as ‘Palace of Breeze’.There are a total of five floors in which the courtyard is in front of the first and second floors. The perimeter of the top three floors i.e Vichitra Mahal, Parkash Mahal, and Hawa Mandir which is equal to the width of a room. There are no stairs to climb up on the fifth floor, only a ramp is present. The Maharaja worshipped at Vichitra Mahal. Parkash Mahal act as an open terrace from both side and women stays at Hawa mandir so that no outsiders can see them.
The architecture of Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is a fusion of Rajputana and Mughal architectural style. The pillars, dome-shaped canopy remind of Rajputana architectural style whereas arches and stonework will remind of Mughal architectural style. The jharokhas are of Rajputana style. There are a total of five levels that are Sharad, Ratan Vichitar, Parkash, and Hawa mandir. These five levels have different purposes.
Sharad Mahal is the first floor or level one of the Hawa Mahal.
Ratan Mandir is named so because of the glasswork of corridors. Open chambers and arched doorways are present on the second level.
As the name depicts visitor means unknown. On this floor, the Maharaja does the prayer of Lord Krishna behind the closed doors. The doors of the visitor Mahal were kept closed so that no one can interrupt Maharaja while praying.
Parkash means light. As it is an open courtyard so it is known as Parkash Mahal.
This is the topmost level. From this level, you can see the various major attractive places like Nahargarh Fort, city palace, and Jantar Mantar. Though I don’t know about these levels. I read it in the blog of a fellow blogger.
1) I will highly recommend you to wear flat or shoes because there are so many high and low floors. You will be comfortable in shoes. Avoid heels.
2)The entry ticket for Indians is Rs 20 while for foreigners it is Rs 50. Camera charges are separate. 10 Rs for Indians for the camera while 20 Rs for foreigners.
3)City Palace and Jantar Mantar are at a walking distance from it. You can also visit there.
Read the previous post of Bhindawas bird sanctuary.